Goat Anemia is a shortage of red blood cells that deprives the body of oxygen.
Symptoms: Weakness, lack of energy, loss of a appetite depression and pale color of inside of the lower eye lid.
Causes: Sometimes a blood disease, asaplasmosis but most likely either internal parasites such as worms, liver flukes, coccidia protozoa, external parasites such as lice & ticks or a nutritional deficiency.
Nothing is as good as sending a stool sample to the vet but the best quick check is to pull out the lower eyelid and check its color. Worms cause anemia (low red blood cell count). You want to see a nice, rich salmon color. If it is pale pink, or white, your goat most likely has worms.
Treatment & Prevention: Maintaining an effective internal & external parasite program and providing a free choice, high quality loose mineral made expressly for goats (including copper, iron & cobalt) should both correct & prevent further problems. The use of an iron supplement may be necessary in severe cases but dosage must be carefully monitored since iron can be toxic and overdosing can suppress vitamin E. Both parsley and kelp are excellent natural supplements for anemia. The Natural Care Book by Pat Colby also suggests feeding fish meal to raise iron in the diet as it is very beneficial and safer than meat derivatives.
Supplies For Treatment and Prevention:
Iron Supplement 18F – Directions: 1/2 cc daily until red blood cell count is restored
Iron Injectable 18F-1 – Directions: 4cc per 100lbs of body weight every other day for 1 week and then once weekly
Herbal Wormer 20F – Best wormer for keeping consistently low levels of worms in animals